Amperage: A measurement of electric current, Voltage: Difference in electrical potential between two points, Voltage Drop: Difference between measurements at each terminal of a device, Wattage: How much electrical energy is used, HH: High heat resistance (up to 194 degrees Fahrenheit), N: Nylon coating, resistant to damage by oil or gas, Red: Hot wire for switch legs and connecting to hardwired smoke detectors. Three common types are landscape lighting wire, bell wire (for doorbells), and thermostat wire. Aluminum serves as a less expensive and lightweight alternative. Complying with the local and international applicable standard. The wire and cable types covered in this guide have been divided into three tables as follows: Table 1 — Building Wires and Cables, including some industrial cables Table 2 — Low Voltage Cables, Flexible Cords, and Fixture Wires Table 3 — Special Purpose Wire and Cable Used to ground the residential electrical system, usually at the meter before it enters the dwelling. Homes built after the 1960s typically use circuit breakers rather than fuses. Most strippers offer multiple slots for a variety of wire sizes, while some have an adjustment dial to set the correct size. Transformer Accessory (1) Accessory (6) LED (8) Low Voltage Landscape Accessory (11) Lens (1) Connector (1) Outdoor (1) Voltage Type. There are a variety of cutters for different jobs so check that you're using the appropriate one whether you're cutting through copper wire or a network cable. Larger wire sizes (those with a greater diameter) will have less voltage drop than smaller wire sizes of the same length. Preassembled Whips: Precut lengths of armored cable designed to increase jobsite productivity. UF-B: Used for underground purposes, including direct burial. 4 RHH or RHW-2 conductors, white stripe for neutral, green ground conductor. Wire Connectors - Low Voltage T Tap Wire Connectors, 3 Way Wire Connector, T Type 2 Pin Solderless No Wire Stripping Required for LED Strip, Automotive Connection Fits 24-20 AWG 12 Pack 4.3 out of 5 stars 1,010 Low-voltage light fixtures (luminaires) must be no closer than 5 feet away from the outside walls of pools, spas, or hot tubs. Low-Voltage Differential Signaling (LVDS) is a technology addressing the needs of today’s high performance data transmission applications. Southwire Romex SIMpull 250-ft 12/2 Non-Metallic Wire (By-the-Roll), Southwire Romex SIMpull 250-ft 14/2 Non-Metallic Wire (By-the-Roll), Southwire Romex SIMpull 1000-ft 12/2 Non-Metallic Wire (By-the-Roll), Southwire Romex SIMpull 1000-ft 14/2 Non-Metallic Wire (By-the-Roll), Southwire Romex SIMpull 250-ft 14/3 Non-Metallic Wire (By-the-Roll), Southwire Romex SIMpull 125-ft 6/3 Non-Metallic Wire (By-the-Roll), Southwire Armorlite 250-ft 12/2 Solid Aluminum MC Cable, Southwire Southwire Romex SIMpull 6/3 Indoor Non-Metallic Jacket Wire (By-the-Foot), Southwire Romex SIMpull 250-ft 12/3 Non-Metallic Wire (By-the-Roll), Southwire Romex SIMpull 100-ft 12/2 Non-Metallic Wire (By-the-Roll), Southwire Romex SIMpull 50-ft 6/3 Non-Metallic Wire (By-the-Roll), Southwire Romex SIMpull 250-ft 10/2 Non-Metallic Wire (By-the-Roll), Link to Lowe's Home Improvement Home Page. Available in 20 or 18 gauge with up to 10 conductors. Acceptable in wet locations in triplex or quadruplex. Suitable for direct burial, underground service entrance cable. Service Entrance Cable: Individual conductors rated XHHW-2 or THHN/THWN; feeds power from a main breaker to a subpanel. Thermostat Wire: Used in heating and air conditioning systems along with bell and alarm systems. SE-U: Bare conductor strands are helically wound about the two paralleled insulated conductors. The term “low voltage” is electrical wiring and trim that does not carry the same current as the power outlets, fixtures, and switches in a home. Low voltage overhead lines may use either bare conductors carried on glass or ceramic insulators or an aerial bundled cable system. Class 2 circuits typically include wiring for low-energy (100VA or less), low-voltage (under 30V) loads such as low-voltage lighting, thermostats, PLCs, security systems, and limited-energy voice, intercom, sound, and public address systems. The American Wire Gauge (AWG) system provides the sizing of wires. Can be exposed to direct sunlight and in wet or dry locations. Square wire is plus, round wire is minus. Circuit Breakers and Fuses: Two devices for preventing an electrical current from causing damage by overloading or shorting a circuit. Also used for grounding the perimeter surface around pools. These allow an appliance to receive power from an outlet. Comes in a gray jacket and can be used for deck lighting, outdoor water features, landscape lighting and air conditioner compressors. Residential Grounding Wire: Bare copper wire that's available in 4-, 6- and 8-gauge solid and stranded construction. Electrical Testers: Checking a circuit to make sure it isn't live can be a life-saving decision. These electric cables are especially suitable for domestic use, for installation in public places and for internal wiring of electrical cabinets, switch … Wire Strippers: This device removes the plastic casing to expose the bare wire underneath. The plenum is the air return path of a central air handling system, duct-work or open space over a suspended ceiling. 75 ft. 14/2 Black Stranded Landscape Lighting Wire 14-2-Gauge Low-Voltage (low-energy) underground 14-2-Gauge Low-Voltage (low-energy) underground landscape lighting cable is designed for landscape, security and outdoor accent lighting applications not to exceed 150-Volt. Individual THHN wire conductors are run through an aluminum interlocked armor. A lower number means thicker wire and greater capacity to carry the power current for longer distances. Breakers and fuses interrupt the current during an overload or short and are housed in a breaker box or a fuse box. Stranded, compressed aluminum conductors. When completing an electrical project, it's important to have the right tools and safety equipment to get the job done. See Table 1 for an overview. The NEC provides a system with letters to quickly identify what a wire's capabilities are. Available between 16 and 8 gauge. Simply insert a wire into the correct sized slot, twist and pull it through. Wire Size Tables For Low Voltage FIND WIRE SIZE REQUIRED FOR LESS THAN 5% POWER LOSS. A wire is one conductor that carries an electrical current through a circuit. CMR (Communication Riser), CL2R (UL Listed CLass 2 Riser) and CL3R (UL Listed CLass 3 Riser) are riser rated and may be installed in the walls rising multiple floors, FPLP is plenum rated. You can expect line voltage landscape lighting prices to be higher than similar types of low voltage or solar lights. Flexible Cord: Typically used for industrial machinery, washing machines and large appliances, portable tools, equipment and for extension or power cords. Automotive Cable: General purpose thermoplastic (GPT) also referred to as primary wire. This insulation material can be found in appliance wire, lead wire, coil leads, transformer leads and motor lead wire. Low voltage is defined as 50 volts (V) or less. It has chemical and UV resistant properties, works in a wide temperature range, and is found in appliance wire, lead wire, coil leads, transformer leads and motor lead wire. Normal applications within motor vehicles with limited exposure to fluids, physical wear and abuse. Low Voltage (6) Connector (5) Adapter (1) Accessory (12) MR-16 Flood (1) MR-16 (6) Wire (6) Bayonet (2) View 8 More; Show Less; Product Type. Check to see if you need a permit. Used for direct burial and suitable for sunlight. Nearly 2 miles of cable run through the average home. Similar to how specific wires are color-coded, colored sheaths provide an easy identifier for what gauge the wires are inside. Low voltage wires consist of fire alarm cable and sound, alarm and security cable and plenum cable. All cables shall be XLPE/PVC insulated and of the type and size indicated on the drawings and shall have standard copper conductors (unless stated otherwise). Used for single-family residential buildings to convey power from the service drop to the meter base and from the meter base to the distribution panel board. The higher the number of the gauge, the smaller the size of the wires. Applications not to exceed 150 volts. For low-frequency applications (up to about 1 MHz), braid or spiral wire shields are often used. Features a central conductor with a dielectric insulator, metallic shield and plastic jacket. Black: 8 and lower-gauge wire, used for feeding a subpanel, electric range, oven, etc. It must be used only for low-voltage applications. Step 4: Pull the Low Voltage Wiring. Common low voltages are 12V, 24V, and 48V. Check out our DIY Basics video: How Do I Connect Two Wires? Don't assume a wire isn't hot because of its color. Sound, Alarm and Security Cables include the following types: CM, CMR, CL2R, CL3R, CMP, CL2P … Painted line on the plus wire, no painted line on the min. Wire sizes range from about 22 gauge to 12 gauge. Wire/Cable Cutters: This tool is used to cut directly through wires and cables. Plugs and Connectors: Usually run from an appliance or a power cord and plugged into an outlet on the wall. Includes a grounding wire. Electrical Tape: Used for repairing electrical cords or insulating a wire, electrical tape is typically black. Prices and availability of products and services are subject to change without notice. Blue and Yellow: Hot wires pulled through conduit; blue is often used for three- or four-way switch applications, and yellow is for switch legs to control fans, lights, etc. Lamp Cord: Used with lamps, small appliances, radios and other similar products that don't exceed 300 volts. Neutral conductor has a yellow, triple-extruded stripe. Used to bring service from the panel to other panels in multiple unit dwellings and in SE-U purposes. Below are the letters and attributes you'll see regularly in residential wiring: A wire's coloring is important as an industry standard to identify a wire's purpose. XLPE, PVC, LSF/LSOH and elastomer compounds are the main insulating and shielding compounds for these cable types. The type of low voltage connector. MP(Multi-Purpose communication), CL2P and CL3P are plenum rated. At low frequencies, end-to-end electrical resistance of the shield is an important factor in shield effectiveness. Coaxial Cable: Metallic cable carrying television and video signals; connects to video equipment. Assembly comes with prestripped THHN conductors and pre-installed zinc die-cast, snap-in fittings. Low Voltage (12Volt) (12) Input Voltage. A cable is a collection of wires sheathed together. Sunlight resistant. While you never see most of your house wiring, it powers everything and it's helpful to be able to identify its uses. Low-Voltage Wiring. LVDS is a low voltage differential signaling system which is an electrical system and can run at very high speeds over … Time to get the structured cabling in place. Landscape Lighting LV Cable: LV stands for low voltage, and this underground cable is suitable for outdoor accent lighting, landscape lighting and security lighting. Available between 16 and 8 gauge. Low-voltage wiring is used for circuits typically requiring 50 volts or less. Category Cable: Used for phone systems and data networking systems. This type of house electrical wire is used for items that don’t require a lot of electricity. Low-Voltage Cable Management Specialists - Windy City Wire The makeup of individual cables varies according to application. Windy City Wire is the industry leader in cable management solutions, offering labor savings at every phase of the cable management process from concept to completion. Below, you'll find links to our most popular direct burial cables followed by our categorized full selection. Common wires for landscape lighting are 10-, 12-, 14-, or 16-gauge wires. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for installation and safety. This includes doorbells, most thermostats, and landscape lighting. S: Service cord (when not followed by a J, V or P; also indicates a rating of 600 volts), E: Elastomer, thermoplastic that looks and feels like rubber, OO: Oil-resistant outer jacket and oil-resistant insulation, V: Vacuum cleaner cord (light duty, round). Always follow the manufacturer's recommendations on using cables. Low voltage is normally used for doorbells, garage door opener controls, heating and cooling thermostats, alarm system sensors and controls, outdoor ground lighting, household and automobile batteries. You’ll be able to see the bigger picture when mounting everything at once, which is much better than trying to figure it out on the fly. Another industry standard that's been accepted over the years is color-coded jackets for nonmetallic or NM-B (commonly referred to as Romex). Used for power and circuits for submersible pump systems. Sound, Alarm and Security Cables include the following types: CM, CMR, CL2R, CL3R, CMP, CL2P and CL3P, Fire Alarm Cables include the following types: FPL, FPLR, FPLP. Mounting the low voltage wiring hangers like d-rings and j-hooks allow you to methodically plan your wire routes for efficiency. THHN is the most commonly used type of wire in conduit and cable trays for services, feeders and branch circuits in commercial or industrial applications. They come in ratings for residential installations and commercial installations as riser rated or plenum rated. From wiring required to support a simple service such as telephone, to a complex infrastructure required for data centers and vidoe surviellance call Advanced Communications Services, Inc. Items that are considered low voltage fall under less scrutiny during inspections because the open wire does not pose the same electrocution threat that a standard wire would. Wire Connectors: Connect two wires together with a connector by putting the exposed end of each wire into the connector and twisting so that they're connected. It is known for its ability to perform through a wide temperature range as well as for its resistance to chemicals and UV rays. First, understand the difference between wire and cable: The majority of conductors are copper, which is corrosion resistant and works as a better conductor than aluminum. Low-Voltage Power Cable 600 V / 2000 kV General Cable’s 600 Volt single conductor, low-voltage power cables include UL Types RHH/RHW-2/USE-2, and XHHW-2 designs that are ideally suited for use in a broad range of commercial, industrial and utility applications where outstanding reliability and maximum performance is critical. The wire comes in different sizes such as #8, #10 #12, #14, #16 and #18. The conductor pairs are twisted together to prevent crosstalk and interference from other paired conductors in the cable as well as external interference. Wire size is another important factor in determining voltage drop. XLPE/PVC insulated cables shall consist of plain XLPE/PVC copper stranded conductors, circular or sector, shaped insulated laid up together and wormed circular, further insulated with an extruded inner … Chlorosulfonated Polyethylene (CSPE) (aka Hypalon) provides low-voltage insulation. Prices, Promotions, styles, and availability may vary. You can also use them for twisted-pair or coaxial local area networks (LAN) [725.41(A)(4)]. Push-In Wire Connectors As an alternative to twisting wires together, some electrical work can be completed with push-in wire … Errors will be corrected where discovered, and Lowe's reserves the right to revoke any stated offer and to correct any errors, inaccuracies or omissions including after an order has been submitted. This is helpful for the next electrician coming to a jobsite and for an advanced DIYer who plans to do some electrical work on their own. Some common lettering for wire includes THHN, XHHW, THW, etc. All wires have the capability to carry a load and may have been connected differently from the industry standard. The types of low voltage cabling or network cable used in our structured cabling installations include: An electrical tester will quickly inform you if you're working with live cables or not. We recommend 12-gauge or 10-gauge wire for long distances. Used for direct burial and suitable for sunlight. 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